* Included in calculation of the grade-point-average.
Regular and Special Grades
"A", "B", "C", "D", and "E" constitute the regular grades used at the University of
Arizona. All individual studies courses and some
small group courses use special grades: "S" (superior) and
"P" (pass). See Grades Available for
House-Numbered Courses (independent study, colloquium, internships, etc)
(Policy updated 5/2/08 with the addition of
S, P, F grading system)
S (superior) and P (pass)
grades are used in place of regular grades A and B,
respectively, for courses graded S, P, C, D, E and S, P, E, K. S and
P grades are NOT included
in the calculation of the GPA, nor do they count toward meeting the criteria for
dean's list, honorable mention, or academic distinctions.
S, P, C, D, E grading: for several
house numbered courses (proseminar, colloquium, etc), one of the grading systems available is the combination of special and
regular grades (S, P, C, D, E). *
S, P, E, K grading: some 900-level
house numbered courses
use this grading
system. In these cases, the grades S and P are used in place of regular
grades A and B, respectively, and students not attaining B level course work receive
the failing grade of E. See K Course in Progress below.
S, P, F grading: For the majority of individual studies courses,
the only grades available are the special grades of S, P, F. Grades of S
(superior), P (pass), and F (fail) are not included in the calculation of the
GPA, nor do they count toward meeting the criteria for
dean's list, honorable mention, or academic distinctions.
Medical grades: all 800-level
courses offered by the College of Medicine are graded on an honors/pass/fail
system (S, P, F, K). See the
Catalog for more information.
Law grades: law students please
College of Law.
* NOTE: For house numbered courses with a choice of grading systems (senior
capstone, colloquium, etc.), an instructor may have the option of awarding
regular grades only (A,B,C,D,E) or the combination of special and regular grades
(S,P,C,D,E), as departmental policy dictates. However, in any single class
offering, all registrants must be graded by the same system.
For certain courses, a qualified student may elect to register under the
pass/fail option. Under such registration, the only final grades available to
the student are "P" (pass) or "F" (fail).
Undergraduate students may elect to take courses under the pass/fail option
only after they have attained sophomore standing and only if they have earned
grade-point-averages of 2.000 or better.
Students registering for a course under the pass/fail option must meet the
prerequisites or otherwise satisfy the instructor of their ability to take the
Undergraduate students may register under the pass/fail option for not more
than two courses per semester up to a maximum of 12 courses. Further, they
must carry a minimum of 12 units of regular grades other than "P/F" during each
semester in which they elect courses under the pass/fail option. Any
exceptions to this policy must be approved by the student's academic dean.
Courses taken under the pass/fail option must be electives only, and may
not be used to fulfill major, minor, or other specified curriculum
The pass/fail option is not generally available to graduate students. The
only exceptions to this proscription are: (a) admission deficiencies which the
student has prior specific, written approval to take on a "P/F" basis (only the
department head or the departmental graduate adviser may give such approval,
which must be on file in the Graduate College office before registration); (b)
any undergraduate non-deficiency course available for "P/F" grading; and (c) any
course offered by the College of Law.
Each department decides which of its courses will be available under the
pass/fail option. Pass/fail courses in the 500, 600, or 700 series may be
offered only in law. Further, the instructor of the course must approve of its
being offered pass/fail. The instructor shall be informed by the Office of
Curriculum and Registration
which students are enrolled under the pass/fail option.
Students may change from pass/fail enrollment to enrollment for a regular
grade, or vice versa, only during the time period prior to the last day of the
fourth calendar week during which classes are held, except with special
permission of the student's college dean.
If a course is taken under the pass/fail option, the grade of "P" or
be permanently recorded. However, neither grade will be included in the
average. If the course is passed, the units of credit will be applied toward
College of Medicine --
All courses in the College of Medicine are graded on a superior/pass (S/P)
system for medical students.
Teaching and Teacher Education
-- Pass/fail grades are the only grades available for 493A and 493B.
Enrollment in these courses will not reduce the amount for which a student can
otherwise enroll under the pass/fail option.
I Incomplete Grade:
(Policy updated May 26, 2004:
circumstances when the ďIĒ grade is not to be awarded; June 12, 2006:
circumstance for filing General Petition.)
The grade of I may be awarded only at
the end of a term, when all but a minor portion of the course work has been
satisfactorily completed. The grade of I is not to be awarded in
place of a failing grade or when the student is expected to repeat the
course; in such a case, a grade other than I must be assigned.
Students should make arrangements with the instructor to receive an
incomplete grade before the end of the term.
Instructors are encouraged to use the Report
of Incomplete Grade form as a contract with the student as to what
course work must be completed by the student for the I grade to be
removed and replaced with a grade. On the form, the instructor states: (1)
which assignments or exams should be completed and when; (2) how this work
will be graded; and (3) how the student's course grade will be calculated.
Both the instructor and student sign this agreement and both should retain
After the course work is completed, the
instructor should assign the appropriate grade on a Change of Grade form and
submit it to the Office of the Registrar for processing. After processing,
the new grade will be included in the calculation of the GPA.
If the incomplete grade is not removed by the
instructor within one year (the last day of finals one year later), the I
grade will convert to a failing grade. For undergraduate courses, the
one-year limit may be extended for one additional year if, prior to
converting to an E, the extension is approved by the instructor and the dean
of the college in which the student is registered. This extension requires
the instructor and dean's signature on a Petition for Extension of Course
Work. Notification of the dean's approval or denial is to be provided to
the student by the dean's office. A copy of the approved or denied Petition
must then be forwarded from the dean's office to the Office of the
Registrar, Administration 210, for appropriate processing. Once the I
has converted to an E, a one-year extension will only be
considered if the student submits an appeal to the University General
Petition Committee. Additionally, a request for an extension of time beyond
2 academic years of the original course enrollment requires approval by the
General Petition Committee. For courses taken for graduate credit, such
approval may be granted only by the Graduate College.
"K" Course in Progress
The grade of "K" may be awarded by the instructor for 900-level courses when
the course continues for longer than one semester. Students must re-enroll for
these courses each semester. "K" grades remain on the student's permanent record
until removed with a final grade but do not enter into the calculation of the
grade-point-average. Time-limit for completion of such work for full credit
for the master's degree is six years; for the doctoral degree, ten years.
The grade of "K" is assigned for all supplementary registration (930) at the
time of enrollment and will remain permanently on the student's academic
For any course, other than the 900 series, that requires more than one
semester for completion, the grade of "K" is awarded by the
Office of Curriculum and
Registration at the end of the semester and carried to the next semester.
Prior to the end of the fourth week of classes, official withdrawal (drop)
of a course cancels the registration for the course. A deanís approval is
not required. No grade for the course will appear on the studentís permanent
record. During weeks five through eight, the grade of "W" is awarded to students
who are passing at the time of withdrawal. The grade of "E" may be awarded to
students not passing at the time of withdrawal. Either "W" or "E" will show on the
studentís permanent record.
After the eighth week of classes, the grade of "W" can be awarded only with
the approval of the studentís academic dean, and only under exceptional
circumstances. The "W" may also be awarded in the case of complete withdrawal
from the University.
"W/P" and "W/F" Withdrawal Grades:
Complete Withdrawal from the University
In the case of complete Withdrawal from the
University, if a student
withdraws before the end of the 4th week of classes in Fall/Spring
(end of the 1st week in a Summer term), no classes show on the
student's transcript for the semester/term. If a student withdraws from the
University between the 5th week of classes in Fall/Spring (2nd
week in a Summer term) and the last day of classes for the semester/term, the
faculty member for each course may assign a grade of "W/P" (withdrawal while
passing), or "W/F" (withdrawal while failing). Neither grade is used to
calculate the GPA. The refund schedule is listed for each semester/term in the
Schedule of Classes'
and Deadlines calendar..
"O" Audit Grade
The grade of "O", with no grade-point value, is awarded for courses taken for
audit. This grade is not
awarded unless the student is registered for audit. See the audit
policy for detailed information.
The grade of "Y" is issued to all students in a course whose instructor
failed to meet the grade reporting deadline at the end of the term. This grade
will not be issued to any student in a course if other students in the same
course were awarded grades by the instructor.
Calculating the Grade-Point-Average or Averaging of Grades
(Policy updated 1/10/06) Wording change to
clarify calculation of cumulative GPA
For the purpose of computing grade-point-averages, grade points are
assigned to each grade as follows:
||Grade points for
each semester unit:
The grade-point-average is the arithmetic mean of the grade points earned for
all credits taken at the University of Arizona for
University Credit or by
Special Examination for Grade, where regular grades are awarded. Ordinarily
cumulative GPAs are calculated using only the courses at the career level of the
student. For example, the undergraduate GPA is based on undergraduate courses
only (see Graduate
Credit for Seniors,
Renewal for exceptions).
Change of Grade
Within one (1) year of the awarding of the grade, final grades may be
changed by the instructor on a change-of-grade form, only if there has been an
error in computation . The grade change must be approved by the head of the
Under certain circumstances an undergraduate student may apply to the
Office of Curriculum and
Registration for academic renewal. Academic renewal allows students to
have grades for a particular period of time excluded from the grade-point-average. If the qualifications are met, the student may have a maximum of four
consecutive semesters of course work disregarded in all calculations regarding
academic standing, grade-point-average, and eligibility for graduation. If
summer work is to be included in the work to be disregarded, a five-week
summer term shall count as one-half semester.
To qualify for academic renewal, the following conditions must be met:
- At the time the request is filed, a minimum of five years shall have
elapsed since the most recent course work to be disregarded was completed.
- In the interval between the completion of the most recent course work to
be disregarded and the filing of the request, the student shall have
completed a minimum of 30 units of regularly graded course work at the
University with a minimum grade-point-average of 2.500 on all work
completed at the University in that interval.
- If more than one semester or term is to be disregarded, these shall be
consecutive, completed within a maximum of two calendar years, and with no
intervening enrollments at the University. The maximum of two calendar
years may be extended by one semester if the time period includes a
semester of involuntary absence by reason of disqualification.
If the student satisfies the conditions under this policy, the Office of
Curriculum and Registration will annotate the student's permanent academic record to
indicate that no work taken during the disregarded semester(s) or term(s),
even if satisfactory, may apply toward graduation. However, all work will
remain on the record, ensuring a true and accurate academic history.
Academic renewal may be effected only once during a student's undergraduate
academic career and is not available to students who have completed
requirements for a bachelor's degree.