College of Law Grading System
The College of Law employs a letter grading system, including plus and minus grades, in which "A" means excellent, "B" means good, "C" means fair, "D" means poor, and "E" means failure. When Pass/Fail grades are used in place of Regular Grades, "P" means pass, and "F" means fail. Other grades used when applicable include "I" for incomplete and "W" for withdrawal. Regular letter grades have the following numerical equivalents:
|Letter Grade||Numerical Value|
Limitations on Mandatory Plus and Minus Grades:
Under the regular grading system described above, (1) a grade of A+, E+, or E- may not be awarded; and (2) for purposes of raising grades on the basis of class participation, an instructor's discretion is limited to raising a grade by one grade increment only. For example, a B- may be raised only to a B on the basis of participation, and a B+ only to an A-.
Cumulative Grade Point Averages:
Cumulative grade point averages shall be computed by multiplying the unit value of each course completed or attempted by the number equivalent of the grade received in the course and dividing the sum of these products by the sum of the units completed or attempted. Only the grades of A, A-, B+, B, B-, C+, C, C-, D+, D, D-, and E have number equivalents, as indicated above. Other grades, such as P, F, I, and W have no number equivalents and may not be used in calculating cumulative grade point averages. With limited exceptions, as noted in the Law Handbook, the cumulative grade point averages are based only on courses attempted within the College of Law.
Related Guidelines and Links
* Please note that sections titled Frequently Asked Questions, Related Guidelines and links, Related Policies, Information for Advisors and Revision History are provided solely for the convenience of users and are not part of the official University policy.